Manage episode 299425593 series 2777935
Francisco Alves manages 700ha of montado, a traditional agroforestry system of Southern Europe, with herds of cattle, goats, sheep and the famous Alentejo pig. His experience at Herdade Sao Luis exposes us to the future of recently planted silvopastural systems. We discuss important topics such as how mature trees interact with pasture, the optimum tree quantity per hectare, how they contribute to his animals' health and growth, as well as the key management constraints.
On top of this, Francisco is using the holistic management technique for animal grazing. This enables him to regenerate his soil and pasture, limit damage of animals to seedlings, clearing bramble regrowth and preparing field seeding all with his diverse animal herds.
Overall, Francisco is extremely enthusiastic about having mature trees in his grazing system, and sees a huge benefit as compared with open pasture.
As always, 1h30 was too short to ask him all the questions we wish we could. Enjoy!
• TABLE OF CONTENTS
01:50 Introduction to Farm
14:40 Holistic management and animal system description
24:30 The pig's function, description of system, and feeding on acorns
31:10 Goats, sheep and cows and the economics of diversifying animal species
39:30 Tree density per hectare, managing this unique agro-ecosystem
42:45 Economic flexibility with diversity, and commercialisation
48:20 Interactions between trees and animals
01:02:20 Optimum tree quantity per hectare for pasture production and microclimates
01:08:40 Learning about and designing silvopasture systems
01:12:30 Tree fodder on the farm and oak pruning
01:20:40 Using animals to manage forest regrowth and keep the pasture productive
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